Breast milk or mother’s milk is a milk which is produced by mammary glands, located in the breast of a human female. Breast milk is the primary source of nutrition for new born, containing fat, protein, carbohydrates and variable minerals and vitamins. Breastmilk contains all the nutrients the infant needs for proper growth and development. These nutrients include: Free water, Proteins (protein accounts for 75% of the nitrogen-containing compounds) and the non-protein nitrogen substances include urea, nucleotides, peptides, free amino acids and DNA. It is important to check and provide the proper nutrition to new born so that they grow up healthy. But few mothers are unable to breast feed the babies due to various reasons so they opt for bottle or formula feeding to give proper nutrition to their babies. There are few perceptions in peoples’ mind regard feeding the baby which make them to be in a dilemma either to breast feed them or bottle feed them; which one is best and good for babies to develop their health.


Breast feeding

Nutrition and breastfeeding are subjects that can relate greatly to each other. New mothers are in a need of information regarding breastfeeding. Still the clear choice for mothers everywhere is breastfeeding for several important life affecting reasons. About ten days after the delivery mothers start to develop the traditional milk . Breastfeeding has a whole set of benefits and few hazards or restrictions as well . Take a look at the lists below to analyse all of these:


Advantages of breast feeding

1) Breast milk is highly nutritional and provides your baby with a variety of health and developmental benefits.
 2) Breast milk is rich in antibodies, which means infants are not going to catch a disease that easy The natural ingredients found in breast milk help protect your baby from illness and diseases during infancy.
 3) While breastfeeding, mothers pass on immunities to their babies to fight various diseases.
 4) It promotes bond between the mother and the child.
 5) The nutrients in breast milk are easy for your baby to digest and absorb.
6) Women who breastfeed tend to recover from childbirth faster than women who choose not to nurse their babies.
 7) For women breastfeeding may reduce the risk of ovarian and breast cancer in women. It may also decrease the chances of developing rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease.
8) Breastfeeding can save you huge money. If you exclusively nurse your baby, you will not need to buy formula, bottles, and supplies which may cost quite a lot.
9) Breastfeeding keeps your child healthier, which will keep you happy and stress free. It also can lower medical costs and reduce the amount of work you miss to care for a sick baby.
10) Breastfeeding can prevent your period from returning for 3-6 months or even longer.
It delays your period and serves as a natural birth control.
11) Breastfeeding makes babies smarter a study has proven that children who are breastfeed for more than six months tend to have higher IQ.
Disadvantages of breast feeding
12) Breastfed babies need to be fed more often, cause a new born baby needs to be fed every 1 ½ -3 hours.
13) Breast feeding can be painful. Women may deal with some of the uncomfortable or even painful problem common with breastfeeding. This includes things like mastitis, breast engorgement, plugged milk ducts, and sore nipples.
14) Breastfeeding requires a healthy lifestyle choices, you may have to follow a healthy food diets and stop taking caffeine and alcohol because what you eat the same will be supplied to the baby through breast milk.
15) When the little child is hungry outside the home ,the mother may not feel comfortable breastfeeding the child in public.
16) When sharing a public space with the mother and child , some people of our society may find the act of breastfeeding is inappropriate, indecent or disgusting.
17) Nursing mums are advised to take in about 500 calories per day, which can make weight loss difficult.


Bottle Feeding

Bottle-feeding can allow new mothers to be less restrictive with their diets, as they might be concerned that the food and medication that they ingest can be passed along to their babies through their milk. Women who worry that their smoking or coffee habits may make their natural milk contain trace amounts of nicotine and caffeine see baby formula as a safer alternative. Infection is another reason why a woman might choose to stop breastfeeding or avoid it altogether. Mastitis, an infection of the breast tissue that results in breast pain and swelling, can occur in breastfeeding women. It most commonly affects women during the first three months of breastfeeding, according to the Mayo Clinic. Breastfeeding affects different women differently. Some mothers find it leaves them feeling too uncomfortable and sore, and bottle-feeding offers them a convenient and pain-free alternative. Others choose not to breastfeed because of other family or job pressures.


Advantages of bottle feeding

1) When feeding your baby with formula feed, you can measure exactly how much food your little one is getting per feeding. This is useful in understanding how much food is necessary for your baby to feel full.
2) Bottle feeding helps parents share the work of feeding. When it comes to bottle-feeding, since the bottle does the work, mum doesn’t have to be the one on call at all times. Bottle feeding allows anyone in the family to help out when it comes to feeding little Junior.
3) Mums who choose to bottle feed their baby don’t have to worry about altering their diet to meet the needs of their baby. Caffeine, alcohol, and calorie intake are more flexible.
4) Formula-fed babies will generally eat less often than breastfed babies because baby formulas take longer to digest than mother’s milk.

Disadvantages of bottle feeding
1) Certain studies suggest that mums who breastfeed are less likely to develop breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and osteoporosis later in life.
2) Some research has seen mothers who bottle-feed are more likely to experience postpartum depression. Though the exact cause of this is up to considerable debate, studies do suggest that mothers who breastfeed are less prone to experience postpartum depression than mothers who don’t .
3) Breast milk contains more nutrients than formula and helps promote brain growth and development. Breast milk also helps improve your baby’s immunity. Breast milk is easier on the digestive system of a new born than formula is. Breast milk contains infection-fighting antibodies that formula food can’t duplicate.
4) Nursing provides comfort to your little one and can help calm him when he is upset, sick, or dehydrated. Nursing also strengthens the bond between mother and child.
5) Bottle feeding is less convenient during midnight feeding sessions as it requires your full attention to get up and prepare the bottle.
6) Formula food can be an expense.

In conclusion, compare to bottle feeding, breast feeding is better option to opt for, as it contains more nutrients and has many health beneficiaries for both mother and child. It is easy for a child to digest the milk and also boost their immunity power reducing the chances of getting sick. It also benefits women who breast feeds, reducing the risk of ovarian and breast cancer. It may also decrease chances of developing rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases. But working women may have time constraints to feed the baby or women who are not able to maintain a healthy diet or women who feel pain, anxiety and depression while breastfeeding , they can opt for formula or bottle feeding.